This sludge came from drilling operations per se and not from production.
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A critical review of the intense studies of the activity concentrations of Ra, Ra as well as Pb and Po in produced water in from Norwegian oil and gas platforms located in the North Sea were also reported [ 55 ].
Scale production in gas and oil field equipment is due to precipitation of alkaline earth metal sulphates or carbonates according to the following chemical reactions:.
Introduction At present time the different environmental compartments suffer from excessive accumulation of various toxic pollutants, hazardous fallout contaminants and several naturally occurring radionuclides, including potassium, thorium and uranium with the natural decay series of Th and U as well as several other man-made radionuclides.
Uncontrolled release of activities associated with enhanced levels of NORM can contaminate the environment and pose a risk to human health.
The available data indicate that, the total radium levels to extreme measurements of
These studies concluded that, radon in natural gas definition claret does not present any hazard to the consumer.
Since Rn and its respective decay progenies e.